会议 | Visualizing Drugs & Dyes: Art and Pharmacology in (Early) Medieval Worlds (600–1400)

巴塞尔大学主办的国际学术会议 Visualizing Drugs & Dyes: Art and Pharmacology in (Early) Medieval Worlds (600–1400) 于 2023 年 9 月 4–6 日在巴塞尔大学药学博物馆举办,也接受在线注册。本次会议涉及欧洲之外的诸多地域,包括中国、阿拉伯、非洲等。会议简介与日程如下。

Plants have long shaped the material practice and imagination of pharmacy. Far more than animals or minerals, plants and their products were central to medicine in premodern epistemologies. Over centuries, images and imaginings of vegetal materia medica played a profound role in human conceptions of and interactions with the natural world. In many ways, they continue to do so. Conversely, the therapeutic efficacy of plants and their products impacted broader visual and material cultures and practices. Thus, premodern pharmacological techniques interacted with the practices of image-making, artistic processes, and art.

Notwithstanding this close, underlying relationship between art and pharmacology in surviving medieval texts on healing and pharmacy produced between the 7th– 14th century, visualizations of medical substances have not yet sufficiently been the focus of art historical studies. Images of plants and their pigments and dyes, invite further investigations into their epistemic status as well as their therapeutic, and mimetic capacities. What forms of knowledge do these images, materials, and substances provide? What audiences do they address? How can they be situated, between the practices and interests of scribes/painters, scholars, nuns and monks, physicians, apothecaries, gardeners, rhizotomes, and also readers – while taking into consideration the changing status of these human actors across society, gender, time, and space? What can such images, materials, and substances tell us about the interconnections between human and vegetal worlds? What role do colors, pigments and dyes, scent or the incorporation of prayers and charms play in the creation of images of healing? Moreover, how does medicinal, pharmacological or toxicological, plant-related knowledge circulate across vast (plant) geographies? The conference wants to connect the representations of simplicia such as ginger, plantain, pennyroyal, saffron, artemisia, liquorice, or strawberry from cities, rural communities, courts, and religious congregations in the Indo-Pacific, the so-called Levant, the Black Sea, the Mediterranean, and the Medieval West.


Monday, September 4, 2023
Venue: University of Basel, eikones, Rheinsprung 11, 4051 Basel

09:00–09:15 Welcome & Introduction
Theresa Holler (University of Basel), Hannah Baader (KHI Florenz/4A_Lab Berlin) and Andrew Griebeler (Princeton University)

09:15–10:00 Richard Gameson (Durham University): The Colour of Plants

10:00–10:45 William Brockbank (Bern University): Wið eagena sare ond geswelle: Treating Afflictions of the Sensory Organs with the Old English Herbarium

Coffee Break

11:00–11:45 Laurence Totelin (Cardiff University): The Enslaved Rose? Visualising Roman Healing Roses and Those Who Worked with Them

11:45–12:30 Danielle Joyner (Lawrence University): Exploring the Tangled Roots of Glass Furnaces in Medieval Herbals

Light Lunch at eikones

Venue: University of Basel, Universitätsbibliothek, Schönbeinstrasse 18-20, 4056 Basel

14:00–16:00 Site visit with Monika Studer from the Manuscript Department (for speakers only)
Kristina Domanski (University of Basel): Heilende Ordnung – Heilung in der Unordnung (D III 14)
Venue: University of Basel, eikones, Rheinsprung 11, 4051 Basel

16:00–16:30 Coffee Break

16:30–17:15 Francesco Roberg (Wissenschaftliche Bibliothek der Stadt Trier/Stadtarchiv): Metrologie als Schlüssel zum Verständnis mittelalterlicher Rezepte

17:15–18:00 Robin Reich (Seattle University): The Many Lives of (Sal) Ammoniac in the Medieval Central Mediterranean

18:00–18:30 Brigitte Buettner (Smith College, Northampton, Massachusetts): Minerals as materia medica: Excavating the Visual Tradition (online)

Apéro Riche at eikones

Tuesday, September 5, 2023
Venue: Pharmacy Museum Basel University, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Totengässlein 3, 4051 Basel

09:15–10:15 Site visit at the Pharmacy Museum with Elias Bloch (for speakers only)

Coffee Break

10:45–11:30 Maurizio Aceto (Università degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale): From Dioscorides to the Arab World: A Voyage into the Colourants Used in the Ancient Herbals

11:30–12:15 Ayman Yasin Atat (Technische Universität Braunschweig): Plants as Dyes in the Medieval Arabic Civilization; Ibn al-Bayṭār as a Case Study

12:15–13:00 Farnaz Masoumzadeh (Art University of Isfahan): Mimesis Approach in the Drug Illustrations of the Paris Kitāb al-Diryāq Based on Walter Benjamin’s Doctrine of the Similar

Light Lunch at the Pharmacy Museum

14:00–14:30 Ruiying Gao (Wake Forest University): Collecting Nature on Paper? An Early History of Materia Medical Images in China (online)

14:30–15:00 Lyla Halsted (Davidson College, Davidson, North Carolina): Therapeutic Arabic Scrolls: The Use of Saffron on Medieval Magic-Medicinal Amulets (online)

15:00–15:30 Wanessa Asfora Nadler (Universidade de Coimbra/Universidade de São Paulo) and Isamara Lara de Carvalho (Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais/Fundação Biblioteca Nacional): Madder: Arts, Crafts and Medical Literature at the Crossroads (online)

15:30–16:15 Isabelle Balmer (University of Basel) and Anina Steinmann (Stiftsarchiv St.Gallen): The Narrator Dyes. Analyzing Colour and Cure in Medieval Literature

Coffee Break

16:45–17:30 Arsenio Ferraces Rodríguez (Universidade da Coruña): Imaginario colectivo, tradición iconográfica e inercia de los editores: un nuevo nombre para la mandrágora en Isidoro de Sevilla (Etym. 17, 9, 30)

17:30–18:00 Gregory Bryda (Barnard College, Columbia University): A Mandrake Crucifix on the Wendish Borderlands of Styria (online)

Conference Dinner for Participants

Wednesday, September 6, 2023
Venue: University of Basel, eikones, Rheinsprung 11, 4051 Basel

10:00–10:45 Samuel Umoh Uwem (University of KwaZulu-Natal): Indigenous Apothecary, Folkloric Claims and Musa paradisiaca in 11th-century Precolonial Nigeria

10:45–11:30 Elisa Palomino (Smithsonian Institution Arctic Studies Center): Use of Indigenous Arctic Plants as Dyes and Tannins in the Traditional Northern Fish Skin Processing

Coffee Break

11:45–12:30 Maite Álvarez and Cathy Carpenter (J. Paul Getty Museum): Woad in Medieval Spain: Exploring the Multifaceted Role of a Prized Colorant, Curative, Protective, and Decorative Material

Light Lunch at eikones

13:30–14:15 Closing Lecture
Nancy K. Turner (J. Paul Getty Museum): Pigments and Dyes, Vision and Healing: Finding materia medica in Manuscript Illumination

14:15–14:45 Round Table Discussion